On August 20, GEIDCO held a GEI Cloud Seminar: Paths and Choices of Addressing Climate Change for Small Island Developing States. The event aimed at addressing climate change and facilitating low-carbon transition of small island states, based on their energy development characteristics and needs. Government officials and senior experts from Kiribati，Vanuatu and etc. participated in the discussions via video links.
In his opening remarks, Dr. Cheng Zhiqiang, Deputy Secretary General of GEIDCO said that, in recent years, global warming and climate change are accelerating, posing severe challenges. Only by transforming the development mode and embracing a low-carbon and green pathway can we fundamentally address the climate crisis. Global Energy Interconnection (GEI) initiative provides a systematic solution for the implementation of the Paris Agreement, offering practical reference for small island states to promote energy transition and clean development.
In his keynote speech, Mr. Kireua Kaiea, Head of Energy Unite (Energy Planner) at Infrastructure & Sustainable Energy, Republic of Kiribati said the catastrophic impacts of climate change remains the most imperative challenge to low lying islands in Kiribati.This critical issue is threatening the survival of the whole of humanity, with immediate impact on the frontline of this calamity. Despite the struggle with adapting to the impact of climate change Kiribati is also committed to his mitigation actions as part of our contribution to reduce gas emissions.
The Kiribati Government will soon implement a project recently approved for a grid based rural electrification to electrify the main villages with a centralised solar power and distribution network grid to residences, institutions and commercial customers and to be managed by the SOE at an agreed tariff. The project output will be known as the Island Scale Central Renewable Energy Power Station (ISCREPS), and will, firstly, eliminate fossil fuel use in the rural electrification, secondly address the issue with electricity shortage and finally, stimulate and enhance the social economic and business developments in the rural areas. Kiribati and China are now visualising the huge ISCREPS concept in line with this gathering’s objective.
Mr. Antony Garae, Director of Department of Energy, Ministry of Climate Change of Vanuatu said in his keynote speech that, in recent years, Vanuatu has vigorously promoted the development of clean energy, released the National Energy RoadMap 2016-2030., and planned to achieve 100% clean electricity by 2030. At present, Vanuatu is still far from Country Pledge to UNFCC-National Determined Contribution (NDC), therefore Vanuatu will take more effective measures and look forward to future cooperation with partners to support the implementation of the National Energy RoadMap 2016-2030 either through financing RE Investment，Technical Assistance，Capacity Building and etc.
In his keynote speech, Dr. Alberto Troccoli, Founder and Managing Director at World Energy & Meteorology Council said that the global temperature has risen by over 1℃since 1880 to 2020, and 2015-2019 has been the warmest five years on record, the temperatures of 36 countries or regions have reached record highs. Glaciers have continued to melt, and the sea level is still rising. In order to cope with climate change, the international community should strengthen efforts in scientific attribution, governance mechanisms, technological innovation, and policy coordination, and continuously promote energy transformation and clean energy development.
The seminar received strong supports from the Chinese Embassy in Kiribati, the Embassy of Vanuatu in China and other organizations. Representatives from ClimateWorks of Monash University, POWERCHINA International Group Limited, China Electric Power Equipment and Technology Co.,Ltd., LONGi New Energy Co., Ltd., and GEIDCO Economic and Technology Research Institute participated Panel Discussion, and representatives from more than 50 cooperative organizations including State Grid Corporation of China, China General Technology and Equity Bank and Trust Bahamas Limited attended the seminar online.