The Research on Hydropower Development and Delivery in Congo River (Chinese and English versions) authored by GEIDCO, was published worldwide. This is the first planning study on hydropower development and outbound delivery in the downstream of the Congo River under the framework of African Energy Interconnection, filling in the gaps in relevant research fields worldwide. The publication marks a milestone progress in hydropower development of the Congo River which is dubbed as the "second lung of the earth".
Book Covers of Chinese and English Version
The two versions of the report were respectively published by Springer Nature and China Electric Power Press. When recommending popular new books this May, Springer Nature commented that accelerating the development of hydropower in the Congo River basin will give a strong boost to the interconnection of power grids across sub-regions in Africa and across continents, ensure clean, reliable and cheap electricity supply for African countries, and promote the electrification, industrialization, cleanness and integration of Africa.
The report, divided into eight chapters in 25 sections, provides a comprehensive assessment of the hydropower resources and watershed characteristics of the Congo River, with a focus on the study of cascade hydropower layout and power station development planning in the downstream of the Congo River. It also proposes a systematic analysis of the hydropower consumption market and transmission scheme in the Congo River, as well as project investment, economic evaluation and comprehensive benefits of hydropower development, putting forward the investment and financing mechanism and guarantee measures for project development.
The report points out that the Congo River is rich in hydropower resources, which are mainly concentrated in the downstream section from Kinshasa to Matadi, with a technical potential of about 150 GW. With unified planning and coordinated development, the three cascade hydropower stations including Pioka, Grand Inga and Matadi will realize a total of installed capacity of 110 GW and power generation of 690 TWh, which are equivalent to five and seven Three Gorges power stations of China respectively, becoming the largest clean energy base in Africa.
According to the report, on the basis of meeting the demand of countries in the basin, the Congo River hydropower needs to be consumed throughout Africa and beyond relying on the coordinated development with industries. Within the region, the power will be delivered to local areas and national load centers nearby through EHV AC and DC power grids; for trans-regional delivery, combined with the development of mineral smelting and processing industries, the power will be transmitted to the West, Southern, East and North Africa through 11 UHV DC channels, and then to Europe across continents. In the long-term, the power transmitted can reach 85 GW.
The average on-grid price of hydropower in the downstream of the Congo River is 2-5 cents/kWh lower than the average price in recipient countries, which can effectively address Africa's electricity shortage and unaffordability and contribute to the realization of the development goals of the African Union's Agenda 2063.
The report was first released at the 2019 Global Energy Interconnection & China-Africa Energy and Power Conference held in November 2019, and received positive responses from guests and industry experts at the time.
Ngoyi Mvumbi, Assistant Director of the Agency for the Development and Promotion of Grand Inga, said accelerating the development of hydropower in the Congo River will bring great opportunities for Africa's economic development and ensure clean, economical, efficient and reliable supply of energy and electricity to Africa.
Jeffrey Sachs, Special Adviser to the UN Secretary-General António Guterres on the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) and professor of Columbia University, said the hydropower development and transmission project in the Congo River should be pushed forward at the regional and African level, and interconnection be considered from the perspective of the whole African continent.
The English version of the report is now available on e-platforms including Springer Nature's official website, Amazon and eBay. Buying link and QR code for the English version are provided below: