Morocco aims to have renewable energyconstitute 42% of its energy production by the end of 2020.
Rabat – Morocco remains a leader in theArab world in terms of electricity from renewable energy, a study from the KingAbdullah Center for Petroleum Studies and Research has found.
The study reveals Morocco is the leader ingenerating electricity from renewable energy ahead of Egypt and Jordan.
The study indicates that the renewableenergy sector needs a larger workforce and more resources for growth.
The sector only generates 1% of total jobopportunities in Morocco, Egypt, and Jordan.
“Concentrated solar power (CSP) in Morocco,with 1,800 employees and solar PV in Egypt, with 3,000, are the renewablesectors that employ the greatest number of workers in those two countries,respectively,” the study said.
Resources providing electricity
The production of coal in Moroccorepresents a lever in the electricity sector. Coal dominates the country’selectricity generation capacity with 58% of power production in 2016. Coal isfollowed by natural gas with 20% and oil by 10%. Morocco styles itself as acontinental leader in renewable energy with several world-renowned projects in thefield, including the Noor Ouarzazate solar complex.
The study said that Solar and wind power(12%), and hydropower (1%) provided the remainder of the country’s electricitymix.
These figures are in line with recentestimates from the International Energy Agency (IEA), showing renewable energycould employ more than 40 million people by 2050.
The study shows that the sector still doesnot attract students, who put their focus more on fields such as socialsciences and health and education, “reflecting their aspiration to work ingovernment.”
The report shows that very few studentsstudy “ scientific, technical and engineering subjects – fields representingmost jobs in the private and renewable energy sectors.”
The study, however, highlighted Morocco’sdetermination to continue to grow as a leader in the continent and in the Arabworld in the field of renewable energies.
“Morocco’s National Energy Strategy (NES) was one of the most ambitious andcomprehensive renewable energy strategies in the MENA region,” the study said.
The report recalled Morocco’s aspirationsto achieve 42% of total installed power generating capacity from solar, wind,and hydropower resources by 2020, with 2 gigawatts (GW) of installed capacityfor each resource, or 6 GW overall.
Morocco’s targets will increase in the longterm with an ambition of 52% by 2030.
Morocco’s Exchange Office shows thatMorocco’s imports of electricity decreased by 93.5%, owing to the country’sdetermination to become self-sufficient producer of its own electricity.
In 2019, Morocco only imported electricityworth MAD 149 million (around €14 million) against MAD 2.3 billion (about €217million).
(Source: CSP Focus)