The Congo River, extending vast and endless, is extremely abundant in hydropower resources. The average annual discharge of the estuary is about 41,000 m3/s, and the technically feasible hydropower potential is about 150 GW. The Congo River is a great treasure given to Africa by the nature. The drops of the lower stream of the Congo River, more than 400 km from Kinshasa to the mouth of the sea, are concentrated and the flow is large. It is the area with most abundant hydropower resources in the world, and is suitable for the development of extra large-scale hydropower stations. Speeding up the development of hydropower in the Congo River, meeting the power requirement of the countries along the Congo River basin and beyond, will benefit the whole Africa and effectively solve the problem of insufficient affordable electricity supply in Africa, and inject new impetus into Africa's economic development and bring new hope for social progress.
To promote sustainable development of Africa, the Global Energy Interconnection Development and Cooperation Organization (GEIDCO) proposes to build Africa Energy Interconnection, to realize the co-development of “electricity, mining, metallurgy, manufacturing and trade” and to provide new models for the coordinated sustainable development of African economies and society. Under this framework, the research on hydropower development and delivery of the Congo River is systematically carried out. The study comprehensively evaluates the hydropower resources and watershed characteristics of the Congo River, focuses on the cascade hydropower development planning and layout in the lower reaches of the Congo River, and analyzes the hydropower consumption market, transmission scheme, construction timing, investment and economy. Project investment, financing mechanism and safeguard measures are also put forward.
Taking the development of hydropower in the Congo River as the leading factor, accelerating the construction of the Africa Energy Interconnection and realizing the co-development of “electricity, mining, metallurgy, manufacturing and trade” are the key to achieving sustainable development in Africa. Speeding up the development of hydropower in the Congo River will strongly promote the interconnection of Africa’s cross-border, trans-regional and intercontinental power grids, ensure clean, reliable and affordable electricity supply in Africa, and promote the electrification, industrialization, cleanness and integration of Africa. The development of the Congo River hydropower is an important engine for Africa’s clean development and economic boom，and an ambitious project for the benefit of the whole Africa, which will strongly guarantee the realization of the African Union’s Agenda 2063 development goals.