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Preface

In 2013, during the visit to Central and Southeastern Asian countries, Chinese President Xi Jinping successively proposed to jointly build the Silk Road Economic Belt and the 21st Century Maritime Silk Road, collectively as the Belt and Road Initiative (BRI). This proposal has since received great attention and active response from the international community. There are over 130 countries (regions) as participators in the BRI, contributing to building a human community with a shared future.

Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed “discussions on establishing Global Energy Interconnection(GEI), to facilititate efforts to meet global power demand with clean and green alternatives” at the UN Sustainable Development Summit on September 26, 2015. This is the initiative put forward by President Xi Jinping with a global vision, a historic and signitfcant innovation beyond the traditional concept of energy development. It is also an important initiative of the Chinese government to actively promote the UN’s Post-2015 Development Agenda, and respond to key issues hindering the sustainable development such as resource shortage, environmental pollution and climate change. GEI carries far- reaching significance for realizing sustainable development of the human society.

GEI is a clean energy-dominant, electricity-centric modern energy system that is globally interconnected, jointly constructed and mutually beneficial to all. It is also an important platform for large-scale development, transmission and utilization of clean energy globally. Efforts to construct GEI will facilitate the countries along the Belt and Road to achieve policy coordination, infrastructure connectivity, unimpeded trade, financial integration, and strengthened people-to-people ties (collectively as the “Five-Pronged Approach”). Also conducive is its role in synergizing with development strategies of different countries, tapping regional market potential, encouraging investment, creating jobs, and enhancing cultural and people-to-people exchanges. As such, it is an active force to facilitate people of all countries to meet and understand each other with respect and trust, therefore together share a prosperous, peaceful and harmonious life.

GEI will implement the BRI in all aspects. Actions will be taken to advance infrastructure connectivity through clean energy development and power transmission channels; enhance economic and trade cooperation level through transnational trade of electrical equipment and electricity trade; strengthen international cooperation with the co- development of electric power and industries; expand the space for financial investment cooperation through large-scale clean energy bases and integrated development of power grids; promote ecological and environmental collaboration by lowering fossil energy consumption and reducing the emissions of CO2 and air pollutants; push forward economic cooperation on maritime energy resources through maritime clean energy development and transmission; and deepen cultural and people-to-people exchanges through the transformation of production and life styles. GEI will promote clean and low- carbon development in the world, and empower mankind with clean, sustainable and affordable energy supply that is shared by all.

BRI meets the fundamental interests of the human, and highlights the common aspiration and pursuit of the human society. GEI is a great cause for the benefits of all mankind, and thus requires global wisdom and broadly synergized efforts. To this end, Global Energy Interconnection Development Cooperation Organization (GEIDCO) has compiled the Development Report on Global Energy Interconnection for Promoting the Belt and Road with focuses on six actions, including expanding consensus, clean development, connectivity, electricity replacement, innovation-driven development and energy efficiency enhancement. GEIDCO hereby calls on all the parties including governments, enterprises, organizations and individuals to make concerted efforts and participate in the grand course of building GEI and the Belt and Road for a brighter future.