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 Preface

Combating climate change is a global, strategic task related to sustainable development of human society. Global climate change has threatened human and natural systems. In 2017, the atmospheric concentration of greenhouse gases (GHGs) reached the highest level in the past 800,000 years, the average global temperature rise is about 1.1°C and the economic losses caused by climate-related disasters amounted to 320 billion US dollars. Mr. António Guterres, the United Nations Secretary-General, called on all countries to strengthen their political determination, take ambitious actions, and strive for reducing emissions to ensure the sustainable development of human society.

With persistent efforts of the United Nations and national parties, the international community has reached a scientific and political consensus on global warming caused by human activities and its serious impact on the planet. The United Nations Framework Convention on Climate Change (UNFCCC) provides action guidelines for all countries to jointly participate in climate governance and cooperate to solve the challenges of climate change under the framework of the United Nations. The Paris Agreement, reached in 2015, is an important milestone and provides a new institutional framework for global climate governance after 2020. The international community has reached a consensus on achieving the goal of keeping the global average temperature rise below 2°C through Intended Nationally Determined Contributions (INDCs), and has proactively and broadly cooperated in various fields such as mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology, and capacity to create a new pattern of global climate governance. The Paris Agreement was signed by 195 parties and 190 of these countries submitted their proposed INDCs. It is the common responsibility and duty of all countries in the world to promote the implementation of the Paris Agreement .

Fossil fuel combustion is the main source of global greenhouse gas emissions. The fundamental way to deal with climate change and achieve sustainable development is clean development, while the key is to implement "Two Replacements", i.e., “clean replacement” on the energy supply side and “electricity replacement” on the energy demand side. Global Energy Interconnection (hereinafter referred to as "GEI") is a modern energy system with clean energy production, large-scale allocation, and electrified consumption. The implementation of "Two Replacements" can comprehensively improve the quality, efficiency and benefits of clean development and provide technologically advanced, economically efficient and win-win solutions to achieve the 2°C goal in the Paris Agreement. GEI is critical for implementation of sustainable development. It has been formally incorporated into the framework for the implementation of the UN "2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development". The Global Energy Interconnection Development and Cooperation Organization (hereinafter referred to as the "GEIDCO") promotes the establishment of a GEI system to meet the global demand for electricity in a clean and green way and creates a shared international cooperation platform through discussion and collaboration.

To speed up the achievement of GEI and actively deal with climate change, GEIDCO has studied and prepared the Global Energy Interconnection Action Plan for Promoting the Implementation of the Paris Agreement (hereinafter referred to as the "Action Plan"). The Action Plan contains five parts. Part I judges the climate change situation and analyzes the effect of energy transition on climate change. Part II introduces the concept and overall planning of GEI and proposes the realization path and strategic significance of GEI in solving the problem of climate change. Part III focuses on the governance framework and implementation challenges of the Paris Agreement and proposes relevant ideas and approaches for GEI to comprehensively dock with the following six major climate governance issues: mitigation, adaptation, finance, technology, capacity building, and transparency. Part IV studies and presents the action plans for energy interconnection development on all continents based on the continental situations of climate, resource endowment, energy and electricity development. Part V proposes an innovative governance system to promote the implementation of the Paris Agreement with GEI as the starting point, which includes the global energy climate governance synergy mechanism, the national emission control and energy planning coordination mechanism, the global electricity and carbon joint trading mechanism, the global energy interconnection financial mechanism, the global technology innovation and cooperation mechanism, and the global mitigation transparent accounting mechanism.

The implementation of the Action Plan is of great significance to the execution of the Paris Agreement and the realization of the UN sustainable development goals. The concept of a shared energy community, advocated by GEI, will inject powerful impetus into the forming of a more just, harmonious, and sustainable pattern of global climate and energy governance. The action plans for energy interconnection all around the world advocated by GEI will provide technically feasible and economically efficient action guidelines for all countries to solve energy development transition challenges and fulfill their mitigation responsibilities. Relying on the promotion of GEI, the establishment of innovation mechanisms related to the Paris Agreement will enrich and improve the global climate governance framework, as well as provide action carriers and mechanism guarantees for promoting the implementation of practical cooperation among international stakeholders.

GEIDCO makes an urgent appeal to the international community to address climate change. GEIDCO encourages all parties to promptly participate in the building of GEI to realize the goals of the Paris Agreement and the UN sustainable development goals.