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Chinese President Xi Jinping proposed "discussions on establishing Global Energy Interconnection, or GEI to facilitate efforts to meet global power demand with clean and green alternatives" at the UN Sustainable Development Summit on September 26, 2015. The Global Energy Interconnection is a globally interconnected, strong and smart grids, with ultra-high voltage (UHV) power grid as the backbone. It is also an infrastructure platform on which clean energy can be developed, transmitted, and consumed on a massive scale worldwide. Establishing GEI, and accelerating the implementation of "Two Replace" (Clean Replace and Electricity Replace), “One Restore”(Restore fossil fuel’s basic attribute as an industrial raw material),“One Increase”(Increase electrification level) is the inevitable way out for realizing harmonious and sustainable development of energy, economy, society and environment, thus greatly changing world energy pattern.

Global Energy Interconnection Development & Cooperation Organization (GEIDCO) was established in March 2016, initiated by the State Grid Corporation of China (SGCC). Aimed at “establishing GEI to facilitate efforts to meet global power demand with clean and green alternatives”, GEIDCO upholds the mission to “promote clean development and build a harmonious world”, dedicates to build a leading international organization with great voice, influence and execution in the globe, and creates a platform for win-win cooperation to align efforts across different countries, ultimately achieving the interconnection of global energy and sustainable development. Its 260 members come from 22 countries on 5 continents, covering a variety of industries including energy, power, information, environmental protection, scientific research, consulting, finance, etc. Liu Zhenya, former Chairman of State Grid Corporation of China was elected as Chairman, Dr. Steven Chu, former U.S. Secretary of Energy and Nobel Laureate in Physics, Mr. Shu Yinbiao, Chairman of State Grid Corporation of China, and Mr. Masayoshi Son, Chairman & CEO SoftBank Corp. serving as Vice Chairmen.

Establishment of GEI is a global proposal to address the issues of resources scarcity, environmental pollution, climate change, and unbalanced development. The essense of this proposal is to build energ community and facilitate construction of human society of commen destiny. GEI is has already received strong support from United Nations and other relevant parties. Based on extensive research work, GEIDCO issued the White Paper on Global Energy Interconnection Development Strategy, in an effort to paint a picture of strategy system, development ideas, roadmap, and priorities, providing a guideline for the implementation of GEI.