▶ Global Energy Interconnection (GEI) paves a new path for global environment and ecological conservation from the perspective of clean and sustainable development of energy, and seeks to ensure that everyone may have access to clean, safe, cheap and efficient energy, and to establish a new pattern of harmonious development of human and nature, and human and the environment.
▶ GEI, an innovative solution and an effective platform to deal with environmental challenges and systematicallysolve global environmental problems, devotes its wisdom and strength to the realization of sustainable production and consumption of global energy.
▶ The environmental value of GEI lies in, by using clean alternatives, reducing pollution emissions caused by fossil energy and controlling temperature rise, promoting rational utilization and comprehensive protection of natural resources through electricity substitution, and facilitating overall development and global allocation of energy resources by interconnection.
▶GEI "Action Plan for Promoting Global Environmental Protection" is the third GEI action plan to be incorporated into important United Nations framework, following the CEI "Action Plan to Promote the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development" and the GEI "Action Plan for Promoting the Implementation of the Paris Agreement".
On March 9, the GEI "Action Plan for Promoting Global Environmental Protection", an innovative environmental solution, was released at the fourth session of the UN Environment Assembly in Nairobi, Kenya, marking the integration of GEI into the framework of United Nations environmental management. The Plan paves a new path for global environment and ecological conservation from the perspective of clean and sustainable energy development.
During this Assembly, the Global Energy Interconnection Development and Cooperation Organization (GEIDCO), globally released the research report in response to the major global issue of environmental protection. Such efforts provide innovative solutions and effective platform for meeting environmental challenges and solving global environmental problems, and contribute wisdom and strength to achieving sustainable energy production and consumption in the world.
Liu Zhenya, chairman of GEIDCO, pointed out at the opening ceremony of the Science-Policy-Business Forum of the Assembly that the current global environment is challenged by nine major issues characterized by “four types of deterioration”, “three types of pollution” and “two types of shortages”, specifically, climate change, deforestation, land desertification, deterioration of biodiversity, air pollution, marine pollution, solid waste pollution, depletion of fresh water and food shortage. To address these issues, we must focus on energy, the key to these issues, to accelerate green and low-carbon development.
Liu Zhenya said that GEI is an energy infrastructure platform for the large-scale development, delivery and use of clean energy resources worldwide. GEI, in essence the“Smart Grid + UHV Grid + Clean Energy”, will accelerate clean replacement in energy development and electricity replacement in energy consumption, raise energy efficiency and boost electrification, and restore fossil energy to its basic attribute. The development of GEI will bring about fundamental change to the pattern of global environmental governance. It will facilitate climate change efforts, mitigate air pollution, and enhance the ecological environment in all aspects. Such efforts are made to promote the global carbon emissions to peak around 2025, and drop to less than half of the emission level in 1990 by 2050; by 2050, the global emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitric oxide and inhalable particles are expected to dip by about 70%; about 110 billion cubic meters of water used for power generation will be saved annually; we will also see dramatic cuts of the emission of solid waste and marine pollutants linked with the production, allocation and use of fossil energy; food shortage, land desertification, deforestation, and the deterioration of biodiversity will be effectively brought under control. GEI will enable the coordinated development of energy and environment and harmonious co-existence of mankind and nature.
As put in the GEI "Action Plan for Promoting Global Environmental Protection", we set out to act on eight actions through GEI, namely the dissemination of concepts, mechanism building, clean development, grid interconnection, universal power access, electricity replacement, energy efficiency and ecological restoration to address global environmental issues.
According to the document, the unreasonable development and utilization of energy is the key factor causing global environmental issues. Compared with the large-scale development and utilization of fossil energy, GEI is a comprehensive optimization scheme to ensure safe supply of energy, solve the ecological environment issues, and minimize environmental cost. It is a win-win path that is resource-saving and environment-friendly to achieve economic development and environmental protection.
The document describes the value and role of GEI in protecting the earth's ecological environment, that is, to reduce the emissions of fossil energy pollution and control temperature rise, and reduce that of greenhouse gases and waste gases, wastewater and waste residues from the development and utilization of fossil energy through clean replacement; to promote the rational use and comprehensive protection of natural resources by taking advantage of electricity replacement, and to make energy consumption structure in civil, industrial, commercial, construction and other fields mainly based on electricity, for saving and protecting water resources, land resources and forest resources; and to promote the overall development and global allocation of energy resources through interconnection, so as to realize the long-distance and large-scale optimal allocation of clean energy resources.
The United Nations Environment Assembly (UNEA) is the world's highest-level environmental forum. Participants including heads of state, ministers of environment, CEOs of transnational corporations, non-governmental organizations and environmental activists will be gathered to discuss important environmental issues and make global environmental commitments. The UNEA of this session is themed "Developing Innovative Solutions to Environmental Challenges for Sustainable Consumption and Production".
GEIDCO is committed to developing green and low-carbon energy and building an international platform for mutual discussion, co-construction, sharing and win-win cooperation. Currently, it has 602 members covering 85 countries (regions). In 2017 and 2018, respectively, GEIDCO launched the GEI "Action Plan to Promote the 2030 Agenda for Sustainable Development" and the GEI "Action Plan for Promoting the Implementation of the Paris Agreement",aligned with the key frameworks of the United Nations. During this session of UNEA, GEIDCO cooperated with UNEP to share its work results and experience in many forums and related activities, seeking to accelerate the low-carbon and green development of the globe and make the world a better place to live.